1J. Physiol. (Lond.) 2010 Sep 588: 3349-54
TitleSignificance of SGK1 in the regulation of neuronal function.
AbstractThe present brief review highlights the putative role of the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible-kinase-1 (SGK1) in the regulation of neuronal function. SGK1 is genomically upregulated by cell shrinkage and by a variety of hormones including mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids. The kinase is activated by insulin and growth factors via phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase (PI3-kinase), phosphoinositide-dependent kinase PDK1 and mammalian target of rapamycin mTORC2. SGK1 upregulates ion channels (e.g. SCN5A, ENaC, ASIC1, TRPV5,6, ROMK, Kv1.1-5, KCNEx/KCNQ1-5, GluR6, VSOAC, ClC2, CFTR), carriers (e.g. NHE3, NKCC2, NCC, NaPiIIb, SMIT, GLUT1,4, SGLT1, NaDC, EAAT1-5, SN1, ASCT2, 4F2/LAT, PepT2), and the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase. SGK1 regulates enzymes (e.g. glycogen-synthase-kinase-3, ubiquitin-ligase Nedd4-2, phosphomannose-mutase-2), and transcription factors (e.g. forkhead transcription factor Foxo3a, ?-catenin, nuclear factor-kappa-B (NFB)). SGK1 participates in the regulation of transport, hormone release, neuroexcitability, inflammation, coagulation, cell proliferation and apoptosis. SGK1 contributes to regulation of renal Na(+) retention, renal K(+) elimination, salt appetite, gastric acid secretion, intestinal Na(+)/H(+) exchange and nutrient transport, insulin-dependent salt sensitivity of blood pressure, salt sensitivity of peripheral glucose uptake, cardiac repolarization and memory consolidation. Presumably, SGK1 contributes to the regulation of diverse cerebral functions (e.g. memory consolidation, fear retention) and the pathophysiology of several cerebral diseases (e.g. Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, depression, Alzheimer's disease). Despite multiple SGK1 functions, the phenotype of the SGK1 knockout mouse is mild and becomes only apparent under challenging conditions.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
2P T 2015 Sep 40: 567-8
TitlePharmaceutical Approval Update.
AbstractSacubitril/valsartan (Entresto) for chronic heart failure; brexpiprazole (Rexulti) for major depressive disorder and schizophrenia; and lumacaftor/ivacaftor (Orkambi) for cystic fibrosis involving specific CFTR mutations.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
3Genomics 2015 Nov 106: 268-77
TitleTranscriptome meta-analysis reveals common differential and global gene expression profiles in cystic fibrosis and other respiratory disorders and identifies CFTR regulators.
AbstractA meta-analysis of 13 independent microarray data sets was performed and gene expression profiles from cystic fibrosis (CF), similar disorders (COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, IPF: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, asthma), environmental conditions (smoking, epithelial injury), related cellular processes (epithelial differentiation/regeneration), and non-respiratory "control" conditions (schizophrenia, dieting), were compared. Similarity among differentially expressed (DE) gene lists was assessed using a permutation test, and a clustergram was constructed, identifying common gene markers. Global gene expression values were standardized using a novel approach, revealing that similarities between independent data sets run deeper than shared DE genes. Correlation of gene expression values identified putative gene regulators of the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, of potential therapeutic significance. Our study provides a novel perspective on CF epithelial gene expression in the context of other lung disorders and conditions, and highlights the contribution of differentiation/EMT and injury to gene signatures of respiratory disease.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia