1J Psychiatr Res 2011 Jan 45: 47-53
PMID20684831
TitlePossible association of the semaphorin 3D gene (SEMA3D) with schizophrenia.
AbstractSemaphorins are ligands of plexins, and the plexin-semaphorin signaling system is widely involved in many neuronal events including axon guidance, cell migration, axon pruning, and synaptic plasticity. The plexin A2 gene (PLXNA2) has been reported to be associated with schizophrenia. This finding prompted us to examine the possible association between the semaphorin 3D gene (SEMA3D) and schizophrenia in a Japanese population. We genotyped 9 tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of SEMA3D including a non-synonymous variation, Lys701Gln (rs7800072), in a sample of 506 patients with schizophrenia and 941 healthy control subjects. The Gln701 allele showed a significant protective effect against the development of schizophrenia (p = 0.0069, odds ratio = 0.76, 95% confidence interval 0.63 to 0.93). Furthermore, the haplotype-based analyses revealed a significant association. The four-marker analysis (rs2190208-rs1029564-rs17159614-rs12176601), in particular, not including the Lys701Gln, revealed a highly significant association (p = 0.00001, global permutation), suggesting that there may be other functional polymorphisms within SEMA3D. Our findings provide strong evidence that SEMA3D confers susceptibility to schizophrenia, which could contribute to the neurodevelopmental impairments in the disorder.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic
2Psychiatry Res 2015 Oct 229: 850-7
PMID26243375
TitleSemaphorin and plexin gene expression is altered in the prefrontal cortex of schizophrenia patients with and without auditory hallucinations.
AbstractAuditory hallucinations (AH) are clinical hallmarks of schizophrenia, however little is known about molecular genetics of these symptoms. In this study, gene expression profiling of postmortem brain samples from prefrontal cortex of schizophrenic patients without AH (SNA), patients with AH (SA) and control subjects were compared. Genome-wide expression analysis was conducted using samples of three individuals of each group and the Affymetrix GeneChip Human-Gene 1.0 ST-Array. This analysis identified the Axon Guidance pathway as one of the most differentially expressed network among SNA, SA and CNT. To confirm the transcriptome results, mRNA level quantification of seventeen genes involved in this pathway was performed in a larger sample. PLXNB1, SEMA3A, SEMA4D and SEM6C were upregulated in SNA or SA patients compared to controls. PLXNA1 and SEMA3D showed down-regulation in their expression in the patient's samples, but differences remained statistically significant between the SNA patients and controls. Differences between SNA and SA were found in PLXNB1 expression which is decreased in SA patients. This study strengthens the contribution of brain plasticity in pathophysiology of schizophrenia and shows that non-hallucinatory patients present more alterations in frontal regions than patients with hallucinations concerning neural plasticity.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic
3Psychiatry Res 2015 Oct 229: 850-7
PMID26243375
TitleSemaphorin and plexin gene expression is altered in the prefrontal cortex of schizophrenia patients with and without auditory hallucinations.
AbstractAuditory hallucinations (AH) are clinical hallmarks of schizophrenia, however little is known about molecular genetics of these symptoms. In this study, gene expression profiling of postmortem brain samples from prefrontal cortex of schizophrenic patients without AH (SNA), patients with AH (SA) and control subjects were compared. Genome-wide expression analysis was conducted using samples of three individuals of each group and the Affymetrix GeneChip Human-Gene 1.0 ST-Array. This analysis identified the Axon Guidance pathway as one of the most differentially expressed network among SNA, SA and CNT. To confirm the transcriptome results, mRNA level quantification of seventeen genes involved in this pathway was performed in a larger sample. PLXNB1, SEMA3A, SEMA4D and SEM6C were upregulated in SNA or SA patients compared to controls. PLXNA1 and SEMA3D showed down-regulation in their expression in the patient's samples, but differences remained statistically significant between the SNA patients and controls. Differences between SNA and SA were found in PLXNB1 expression which is decreased in SA patients. This study strengthens the contribution of brain plasticity in pathophysiology of schizophrenia and shows that non-hallucinatory patients present more alterations in frontal regions than patients with hallucinations concerning neural plasticity.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic