1Psychopharmacology (Berl.) 2012 Apr 220: 519-28
TitleAssociation of the ZFPM2 gene with antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism in schizophrenia patients.
AbstractAntipsychotic-induced parkinsonism (AIP) is a severe adverse affect of antipsychotic drug treatment. Recently, our group performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for AIP severity, and identified several potential AIP risk variants.
The aim of this study was to validate our original AIP-GWAS susceptibility variants and to understand their possible function.
We conducted a validation study of 15 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in an independent sample of 178 US schizophrenia patients treated for at least a month with typical or atypical antipsychotics. Then, a sample of 49 Jewish Israeli Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with available neuroimaging ([(123)I]-FP-CIT-SPECT) data was analyzed, to study association of confirmed AIP SNPs with level of dopaminergic deficits in the putamen.
Using logistic regression and controlling for possible confounders, we found nominal association of the intronic SNP, rs12678719, in the Zinc Finger Protein Multitype 2 (ZFPM2) gene with AIP (62 affected/116 unaffected), in the whole sample (p?=?0.009; P?=?5.97?×?10(-5) in the GWAS), and in the African American sub-sample (N?=?111; p?=?0.002). The same rs12678719-G AIP susceptibility allele was associated with lower levels of dopaminergic neuron related ligand binding in the contralateral putamen of PD patients (p?=?0.026).
Our preliminary findings support association of the ZFPM2 SNP, rs12678719, with AIP. At the functional level, this variant is associated with deficits in the nigrostriatal pathway in PD patients that may be related to latent subclinical deficits among AIP-prone individuals with schizophrenia. Further validation studies in additional populations are required.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
2Hum. Mutat. 2015 Aug 36: 797-807
TitleWhole-Genome Sequencing and Integrative Genomic Analysis Approach on Two 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome Family Trios for Genotype to Phenotype Correlations.
AbstractThe 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) affects 1:4,000 live births and presents with highly variable phenotype expressivity. In this study, we developed an analytical approach utilizing whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and integrative analysis to discover genetic modifiers. Our pipeline combined available tools in order to prioritize rare, predicted deleterious, coding and noncoding single-nucleotide variants (SNVs), and insertion/deletions from WGS. We sequenced two unrelated probands with 22q11DS, with contrasting clinical findings, and their unaffected parents. Proband P1 had cognitive impairment, psychotic episodes, anxiety, and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), whereas proband P2 had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis but no other major clinical findings. In P1, we identified common variants in COMT and PRODH on 22q11.2 as well as rare potentially deleterious DNA variants in other behavioral/neurocognitive genes. We also identified a de novo SNV in ADNP2 (NM_014913.3:c.2243G>C), encoding a neuroprotective protein that may be involved in behavioral disorders. In P2, we identified a novel nonsynonymous SNV in ZFPM2 (NM_012082.3:c.1576C>T), a known causative gene for TOF, which may act as a protective variant downstream of TBX1, haploinsufficiency of which is responsible for congenital heart disease in individuals with 22q11DS.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
3Schizophr. Res. 2016 Apr 172: 60-7
TitleGenome-wide investigation of schizophrenia associated plasma Ndel1 enzyme activity.
AbstractNdel1 is a DISC1-interacting oligopeptidase that cleaves in vitro neuropeptides as neurotensin and bradykinin, and which has been associated with both neuronal migration and neurite outgrowth. We previously reported that plasma Ndel1 enzyme activity is lower in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) compared to healthy controls (HCs). To our knowledge, no previous study has investigated the genetic factors associated with the plasma Ndel1 enzyme activity. In the current analyses, samples from 83 SCZ patients and 92 control subjects that were assayed for plasma Ndel1 enzyme activity were genotyped on Illumina Omni Express arrays. A genetic relationship matrix using genome-wide information was then used for ancestry correction, and association statistics were calculated genome-wide. Ndel1 enzyme activity was significantly lower in patients with SCZ (t=4.9; p<0.001) and was found to be associated with CAMK1D, MAGI2, CCDC25, and GABGR3, at a level of suggestive significance (p<10(-6)), independent of the clinical status. Then, we performed a model to investigate the observed differences for case/control measures. 2 SNPs at region 1p22.2 reached the p<10(-7) level. ZFPM2 and MAD1L1 were the only two genes with more than one hit at 10(-6) order of p value. Therefore, Ndel1 enzyme activity is a complex trait influenced by many different genetic variants that may contribute to SCZ physiopathology.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
4Brain Struct Funct 2016 Feb -1: -1
TitleGenetics of structural connectivity and information processing in the brain.
AbstractUnderstanding the genetic factors underlying brain structural connectivity is a major challenge in imaging genetics. Here, we present results from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of whole-brain white matter (WM) fractional anisotropy (FA), an index of microstructural coherence measured using diffusion tensor imaging. Data from independent GWASs of 355 Swedish and 250 Norwegian healthy adults were integrated by meta-analysis to enhance power. Complementary GWASs on behavioral data reflecting processing speed, which is related to microstructural properties of WM pathways, were performed and integrated with WM FA results via multimodal analysis to identify shared genetic associations. One locus on chromosome 17 (rs145994492) showed genome-wide significant association with WM FA (meta P value = 1.87 × 10(-08)). Suggestive associations (Meta P value <1 × 10(-06)) were observed for 12 loci, including one containing ZFPM2 (lowest meta P value = 7.44 × 10(-08)). This locus was also implicated in multimodal analysis of WM FA and processing speed (lowest Fisher P value = 8.56 × 10(-07)). ZFPM2 is relevant in specification of corticothalamic neurons during brain development. Analysis of SNPs associated with processing speed revealed association with a locus that included SSPO (lowest meta P value = 4.37 × 10(-08)), which has been linked to commissural axon growth. An intergenic SNP (rs183854424) 14 kb downstream of CSMD1, which is implicated in schizophrenia, showed suggestive evidence of association in the WM FA meta-analysis (meta P value = 1.43 × 10(-07)) and the multimodal analysis (Fisher P value = 1 × 10(-07)). These findings provide novel data on the genetics of WM pathways and processing speed, and highlight a role of ZFPM2 and CSMD1 in information processing in the brain.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia