1Pharmacogenomics 2008 Oct 9: 1437-43
TitleVariants of dopamine and serotonin candidate genes as predictors of response to risperidone treatment in first-episode schizophrenia.
AbstractAbnormalities in dopaminergic and serotonergic transmission systems are thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of antipsychotics. We conducted a pharmacogenetic study to evaluate whether variants in dopamine-related genes (DRD1-DRD5, AKT1 and GSK3beta) and serotonin receptor genes (HTR1A, HTR1B, HTR1D, HTR2A, HTR2C, HTR6 and HTR7) can be used to predict the efficacy of risperidone treatment for schizophrenia.
A total of 120 first-episode neuroleptic-naive schizophrenia patients were treated with risperidone monotherapy for 8 weeks and clinical symptoms were evaluated by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale.
Among the 30 variants that we examined, two SNPs in DRD2 (-241A>G [rs1799978] and TaqIA [rs1800497]) and two SNPs in AKT1 (AKT1-SNP1 [rs3803300] and AKT1-SNP5 [rs2494732]) were significant predictors of treatment response to risperidone.
These data suggest that the SNPs in DRD2 and AKT1 may influence the treatment response to risperidone in schizophrenia patients.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
2Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2013 Mar 23: 224-8
TitleFinite mixture regression model analysis on antipsychotics induced weight gain: investigation of the role of the serotonergic genes.
AbstractAntipsychotics-induced weight gain is a complex phenomenon with a relevant underlying genetic basis. Polymorphisms of serotonin receptors and related proteins were genotyped in 139 schizophrenia patients and incorporated as covariates in a mixture regression model of weight gain in combination with clinical covariates. The HTR1D rs6300 polymorphism was showing a slight significance conferring risk for obesity (heavy weight gain group) under additive model. After correcting for multiple testing all the genetic predictors were non-significant, however the clinical predictors were associated with the risk of heavy weight gain. These findings suggest a role of ethnicity and olanzapine in increasing the risk for obesity in the heavy weight gain group and haloperidol protecting against heavy weight gain. The mixture regression model appears to be a useful strategy to highlight different weight gain subgroups that are affected differently by clinical and genetic predictors.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia