1Schizophr. Res. 2001 Dec 52: 161-5
PMID11705709
TitleAssociation of ZNF74 gene genotypes with age-at-onset of schizophrenia.
AbstractBecause of the manifestation of schizophrenic symptoms in individuals with interstitial deletions of chromosome 22q11.2, genes located in 22q11.2 are positional candidates for schizophrenia susceptibility. We genotyped five polymorphisms at D22S941, D22S944, D22S264, and D22S311, and the COMT gene in the common 3Mbp deletion region associated with 22q11 deletion syndrome in 300 Japanese schizophrenics and 300 controls and identified one patient with 22q11 deletion (Arinami et al., 2001). The results showed a trend of different genotypic distributions in D22S264 between patients with schizophrenia and controls (non-corrected p=0.04). Given this finding, we searched for mutations in the ZNF74 gene, which is located 11.2Kbp centromeric to D22S264. The ZNF74 gene is a member of the KRAB-zinc finger gene family and is expressed in the developing brain. Four polymorphisms, 1150T/C, IVS2a-40G/A, E/K46, and [K/N551;L/F552], were detected. The first three polymorphisms were in almost complete linkage disequilibrium. Case-control comparisons for these polymorphisms resulted in similar genotypic and allelic frequencies in patients and controls. The polymorphisms, however, were significantly associated with age-at-onset of schizophrenia (n<0.0001). Subsequent analyses in another Japanese schizophrenic population (n=169) confirmed an age-at-onset association (p<0.0001). These findings suggest that the ZNF74 gene plays a role as one of the modifying factors for schizophrenia.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic, schizophrenics
2Schizophr. Res. 2001 Dec 52: 161-5
PMID11705709
TitleAssociation of ZNF74 gene genotypes with age-at-onset of schizophrenia.
AbstractBecause of the manifestation of schizophrenic symptoms in individuals with interstitial deletions of chromosome 22q11.2, genes located in 22q11.2 are positional candidates for schizophrenia susceptibility. We genotyped five polymorphisms at D22S941, D22S944, D22S264, and D22S311, and the COMT gene in the common 3Mbp deletion region associated with 22q11 deletion syndrome in 300 Japanese schizophrenics and 300 controls and identified one patient with 22q11 deletion (Arinami et al., 2001). The results showed a trend of different genotypic distributions in D22S264 between patients with schizophrenia and controls (non-corrected p=0.04). Given this finding, we searched for mutations in the ZNF74 gene, which is located 11.2Kbp centromeric to D22S264. The ZNF74 gene is a member of the KRAB-zinc finger gene family and is expressed in the developing brain. Four polymorphisms, 1150T/C, IVS2a-40G/A, E/K46, and [K/N551;L/F552], were detected. The first three polymorphisms were in almost complete linkage disequilibrium. Case-control comparisons for these polymorphisms resulted in similar genotypic and allelic frequencies in patients and controls. The polymorphisms, however, were significantly associated with age-at-onset of schizophrenia (n<0.0001). Subsequent analyses in another Japanese schizophrenic population (n=169) confirmed an age-at-onset association (p<0.0001). These findings suggest that the ZNF74 gene plays a role as one of the modifying factors for schizophrenia.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic, schizophrenics
3Schizophr. Res. 2001 Dec 52: 161-5
PMID11705709
TitleAssociation of ZNF74 gene genotypes with age-at-onset of schizophrenia.
AbstractBecause of the manifestation of schizophrenic symptoms in individuals with interstitial deletions of chromosome 22q11.2, genes located in 22q11.2 are positional candidates for schizophrenia susceptibility. We genotyped five polymorphisms at D22S941, D22S944, D22S264, and D22S311, and the COMT gene in the common 3Mbp deletion region associated with 22q11 deletion syndrome in 300 Japanese schizophrenics and 300 controls and identified one patient with 22q11 deletion (Arinami et al., 2001). The results showed a trend of different genotypic distributions in D22S264 between patients with schizophrenia and controls (non-corrected p=0.04). Given this finding, we searched for mutations in the ZNF74 gene, which is located 11.2Kbp centromeric to D22S264. The ZNF74 gene is a member of the KRAB-zinc finger gene family and is expressed in the developing brain. Four polymorphisms, 1150T/C, IVS2a-40G/A, E/K46, and [K/N551;L/F552], were detected. The first three polymorphisms were in almost complete linkage disequilibrium. Case-control comparisons for these polymorphisms resulted in similar genotypic and allelic frequencies in patients and controls. The polymorphisms, however, were significantly associated with age-at-onset of schizophrenia (n<0.0001). Subsequent analyses in another Japanese schizophrenic population (n=169) confirmed an age-at-onset association (p<0.0001). These findings suggest that the ZNF74 gene plays a role as one of the modifying factors for schizophrenia.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic, schizophrenics
4Mol. Psychiatry 2002 -1 7: 1092-100
PMID12476324
TitleMutation screening and LD mapping in the VCFS deleted region of chromosome 22q11 in schizophrenia using a novel DNA pooling approach.
AbstractWe examined whether variation within six genes from the VCFS critical region at 22q11 (DGSC, Stk22A1, DGSI, Gscl, Slc25A1 and ZNF74) confers susceptibility to schizophrenia. We screened the exons and flanking intronic sequence of each gene for mutations in 14 individuals with DSM-IV schizophrenia using DHPLC. All polymorphisms identified were characterised and genotyped in a sample of 184 schizophrenics and matched controls, using novel DNA pooling methods. Of the polymorphisms identified, 17 were located within exons, six were within coding sequence, and two were non-synonymous. Pooled genotyping revealed no differences in the allele frequencies for any polymorphism between cases and controls that met our pre-defined criterion (P < or = 0.1). In a complementary approach we also attempted to define the location of a schizophrenia susceptibility locus more precisely by performing association mapping using seven microsatellites spanning the VCFS region with an average inter-marker distance of 450 kb. Conventional chi(2) analysis of genotypes in 368 cases and 368 controls revealed that none of the markers was significantly associated (P < 0.05) with schizophrenia. However, evidence for significant association (P = 0.003) was obtained for D22S944 when alleles were combined. TDT analysis of D22S944 genotyped in a further 278 cases of schizophrenia and their parents failed to find any overall allele-wise significant transmission disequilibrium (chi(2) = 18.3, P = 0.17). However, individual analysis of the alleles revealed that allele 12 was excessively non-transmitted and that this almost reached significance when corrected for multiple alleles (chi(2) = 7.35, P = 0.006, P = 0.078 corrected for 13 alleles).
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic, schizophrenics
5Mol. Psychiatry 2002 -1 7: 1092-100
PMID12476324
TitleMutation screening and LD mapping in the VCFS deleted region of chromosome 22q11 in schizophrenia using a novel DNA pooling approach.
AbstractWe examined whether variation within six genes from the VCFS critical region at 22q11 (DGSC, Stk22A1, DGSI, Gscl, Slc25A1 and ZNF74) confers susceptibility to schizophrenia. We screened the exons and flanking intronic sequence of each gene for mutations in 14 individuals with DSM-IV schizophrenia using DHPLC. All polymorphisms identified were characterised and genotyped in a sample of 184 schizophrenics and matched controls, using novel DNA pooling methods. Of the polymorphisms identified, 17 were located within exons, six were within coding sequence, and two were non-synonymous. Pooled genotyping revealed no differences in the allele frequencies for any polymorphism between cases and controls that met our pre-defined criterion (P < or = 0.1). In a complementary approach we also attempted to define the location of a schizophrenia susceptibility locus more precisely by performing association mapping using seven microsatellites spanning the VCFS region with an average inter-marker distance of 450 kb. Conventional chi(2) analysis of genotypes in 368 cases and 368 controls revealed that none of the markers was significantly associated (P < 0.05) with schizophrenia. However, evidence for significant association (P = 0.003) was obtained for D22S944 when alleles were combined. TDT analysis of D22S944 genotyped in a further 278 cases of schizophrenia and their parents failed to find any overall allele-wise significant transmission disequilibrium (chi(2) = 18.3, P = 0.17). However, individual analysis of the alleles revealed that allele 12 was excessively non-transmitted and that this almost reached significance when corrected for multiple alleles (chi(2) = 7.35, P = 0.006, P = 0.078 corrected for 13 alleles).
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia, schizophrenic, schizophrenics