1Schizophr. Res. 2005 Sep 77: 261-70
TitleCortical gene expression in the neonatal ventral-hippocampal lesion rat model.
Abstractschizophrenia is a chronic, debilitating psychotic illness of unknown etiology that has been the subject of many genetic studies. We studied the neonatal ventral-hippocampal lesioned rat as an animal model of schizophrenia in order to identify novel candidate genes for schizophrenia. Temporal and frontal cortices were assessed using cDNA microarrays for differences in mRNA expression associated with the lesion, haloperidol treatment and in two rat strains with differential sensitivity to the behavioural effects of the lesion. Genes that had altered expression levels as a result of the lesion, that were normalized by haloperidol treatment, and that differed between rat strains were selected. The pattern of differential transcription was confirmed with quantitative PCR for all six candidate genes: large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel, subfamily M, beta member 1 (Kcnmb1); doublecortex (dcx); adenylyl cyclase-associated protein 1 (CAP1); adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2-isoform L (AMPD2); malic enzyme 3, NADP(+)-dependent, mitochondrial (Me3); and aspartylglucosaminidase (AGA). None of these genes has been extensively studied in schizophrenia, and further work with post-mortem tissue and genetic studies are ongoing.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
2Proteomics 2007 Apr 7: 1131-9
TitleProtein expression profile in the striatum of rats with methamphetamine-induced behavioral sensitization.
AbstractRepeated administration of methamphetamine (MAP) results in an increased behavioral response to the drug during subsequent exposure. This phenomenon is called behavioral sensitization. Sensitization is an enduring phenomenon, and suggests chronic alterations in neuronal plasticity. MAP-induced sensitization has been proposed and widely investigated as an animal model of MAP psychosis and schizophrenia. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying MAP-induced sensitization. 2-DE-based proteomics allows us to examine global changes in protein expression in complex biological systems and to propose hypotheses concerning the mechanisms underlying various pathological conditions. In the present study, we examined protein expression profiles in the striatum of MAP-sensitized rats using 2-DE-based proteomics. Repeated administration of MAP (4.0 mg/kg, once a day, intraperitoneal (i.p.)) for 10 days significantly augmented the locomotor response to an MAP challenge injection (1.0 mg/kg, i.p.) on day 11. This enhanced activity was maintained even after a week of drug abstinence. 2-DE analysis revealed 42 protein spots were differentially regulated in the striatum of MAP-sensitized rats compared to control. Thirty-one protein spots were identified using MALDI-TOF, including synapsin II, synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25), adenylyl cyclase-associated protein 1 (CAP1), and dihydropyrimidinase-related protein 2 (DRP2). These proteins can be related to underlying mechanisms of MAP-induced behavioral sensitization, indicating cytoskeletal modification, and altered synaptic function.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia