1Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 2007 Jan 144B: 45-51
TitlePositive association of schizophrenia to JARID2 gene.
AbstractDysbindin (DTNBP1) is a positional candidate gene for 6p22.3-linked schizophrenia (SZ). However, so far, no disease-causing alleles have been identified. DTNBP1 is immediately adjacent to JARID2, a member of the ARID (AT-rich interaction domain) family of transcription modulators. We have previously suggested that proteins which bind to AT-rich domains could play a role in SZ pathogenesis. Consequently, we explored the possibility that JARID2 itself could be a candidate gene for 6p22.3-linked SZ. We used a case control design to analyze single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertion/deletion variants affecting AT-rich domains in both the DTNBP1 and JARID2 genes. Three of the DTNBP1 SNPs analyzed had previously been shown to be associated with SZ. We did not detect any significant difference in allele, genotype or haplotype distribution for any of these DTNBP1 markers. However, we did detect a significant difference in allele distribution for a tetranucleotide repeat polymorphism in the JARID2 gene that affects an AT-rich domain. A significant increase in short alleles (less than 11 repeats) was found in patients with SZ (chi(2) = 7.02; P = 0.008). No other JARID2 marker displayed statistically significant allele and genotype distributions. Our findings suggest that JARID2 should be viewed as a candidate gene for 6p22.3-linked SZ.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia
2J. Biomed. Biotechnol. 2009 -1 2009: 536918
TitleWhole genome association study in a homogenous population in Shandong peninsula of China reveals JARID2 as a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia.
AbstractDNA pooling can provide an economic and efficient way to detect susceptibility loci to complex diseases. We carried out a genome screen with 400 microsatellite markers spaced at approximately 10 cm in two DNA pools consisting of 119 schizophrenia (SZ) patients and 119 controls recruited from a homogenous population in the Chang Le area of the Shandong peninsula of China. Association of D6S289, a dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in the JARID2 gene with SZ, was found and confirmed by individual genotyping (X(2) = 17.89; P = .047). In order to refine the signal, we genotyped 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) covering JARID2 and the neighboring gene, DNTBP1, in an extended sample of 309 cases and 309 controls from Shandong peninsula (including the samples from the pools). However, rs2235258 and rs9654600 in JARID2 showed association in allelic, genotypic and haplotypic tests with SZ patients from Chang Le area. This was not replicates in the extended sample, we conclude that JARID2 could be a susceptibility gene for SZ.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia