1J Psychiatr Res 2009 Jan 43: 282-90
TitleInvestigation of the expression of genes affecting cytomatrix active zone function in the amygdala in schizophrenia: effects of antipsychotic drugs.
AbstractThe cytomatrix active zone (CAZ) is a specialized cellular structure regulating release of vesicles. We reported previously increased expression of three CAZ genes, piccolo, RIMS2 and RIMS3 in the amygdala in schizophrenia. This study determined the levels of gene and protein expression for components of the active zone including two additional CAZ genes in the amygdala from subjects with schizophrenia and non-psychiatric controls, as well as the effects of antipsychotic drugs. Whilst relative real-time PCR analysis did not identify significant change in the expression of six additional active zone genes, Western blot analysis showed increased piccolo and RIMS2 protein expression in the amygdala in schizophrenia. In vitro analysis suggests antipsychotic drug treatment was unlikely to have caused the changes in RIMS2, RIMS3 and piccolo expression observed in the amygdala in schizophrenia. Therefore, this study provides further evidence suggesting that piccolo, RIMS2, RIMS3, but not the entire components of the active zone are involved in the neurobiology of schizophrenia.
SCZ Keywordsschizophrenia